I have written another paper for school I thought I would share. This one is about the battle between good and evil. Enjoy!
Many people think of God and Satan as two equal and opposing forces that will fight an eternal battle of good vs. evil. Additionally, many people struggle with the question of “how can a perfect God be perfect if He created Satan who is evil.” Here, I will try and explain these subjects so you can better understand them.
According to Elwell: “Ethical or ethico-religious dualism asserts that there are two mutually hostile forces or beings in the world, the one being the source of all good, the other the source of all evil.” However; the Bible does not teach this about God and Satan. While it does teach that God is supremely good and that Satan is supremely evil, “it does not consider Satan to be ultimate or original, and sees him ultimately excluded from the universe.” (Elwell)
Rather than Satan having always existed and being equal and opposite of God, the Bible teaches that God created Lucifer (meaning “Bearer of Light”) and gave him a high place in heaven. When we observe Ezekiel 28:15 we see this: “And you were perfect in thy ways from the day that thou was created, till iniquity was found in thee.” Notice this: “from the day that you were created.” So Satan was a created being, and God is self-existent; we ascribe to Satan much more power than what he actually is if you think of him as the opposite of God.
In Isaiah 14:12-17 we are given the five “I wills” of Satan and shown the consequences of them. Satan’s willing against the will of God was the beginning of sin in the universe, and the beginning of the rebellion against God’s government and kingdom. Not only did he will against God, he wanted to be God; and the consequences of it are clearly stated, “But you are brought down to the realm of the dead, to the depths of the pit.”
According to Elwell: “Theologians to a large extent have refused to apply the far-reaching prophecies of Isaiah 14:12-14 and Ezekiel 28:12-15 to Satan under the contention that they are addressed solely to the king of Babylon in the first instance and the king of Tyre in the second.”
I would say these passages refer to some other being than a human. In Isaiah 14:12 we see, “How you have fallen from heaven, morning star, son of the dawn!” This cannot be addressed to a human, since it is speaking to someone who once lived and resided in heaven. As for Ezekiel 28; Verse 13 says, “You were in Eden, the garden of God”, and verse 14 says, “You were anointed as a guardian cherub”, these are obviously addressed to someone who once was an angel and also was present in the Garden of Eden.
Additionally, to deny that this could be speaking of an unearthly power is to disregard Ephesians 6:12.
Satan was created perfect (Ezekiel 28:15), but he encompasses all evil because he hates and separated himself from God. God is the source of all light, perfection, and goodness, and Satan is the opposite because he has excluded himself from God (and all that is good). This does not mean that God created evil, He only created Satan highest of all creatures, and with that; was given free will. Satan chose to completely separate himself from God and everything good, thus making himself void of good and therefore; evil. (1 John 1:5-6; John 8:12).
“Hatred of God produced hatred of all good – of all good in itself, and of all beings that are good, and of envy at their happiness. From hatred and envy springs the desires to corrupt whatever is good, and destroy whatever is happy.” William Cooke
When we compare Satan with God, we see that he has limitations in comparison to the power of God: The attributes of God are omniscience (perfect knowledge of all things), omnipresence (present everywhere at the same time), and omnipotence (the ability to do anything he wills to do). Satan is intelligent because he observes everything, but he is not omniscient, as an angel he can appear at any place whenever he wants too, but he is not omnipresent, and he has strength that is much more than any humans, but he is not omnipotent.
Elwell, Walter. Evangelical Dictionary of Theology. second. Grand Rapids: Baker Book House
Company, 2001. 357, 1054. Print.
Additionally; Here are the full versions of the significant verses in this article (so you do not need to look them up, you can read them here):
Ezekiel 28: 11-19: The word of the Lord came to me: 12 “Son of man, take up a lament concerning the king of Tyre and say to him: ‘This is what the Sovereign Lord says:
“‘You were the seal of perfection,
full of wisdom and perfect in beauty.
13 You were in Eden,
the garden of God;
every precious stone adorned you:
carnelian, chrysolite and emerald,
topaz, onyx and jasper,
lapis lazuli, turquoise and beryl.[b]
Your settings and mountings[c] were made of gold;
on the day you were created they were prepared.
14 You were anointed as a guardian cherub,
for so I ordained you.
You were on the holy mount of God;
you walked among the fiery stones.
15 You were blameless in your ways
from the day you were created
till wickedness was found in you.
16 Through your widespread trade
you were filled with violence,
and you sinned.
So I drove you in disgrace from the mount of God,
and I expelled you, guardian cherub,
from among the fiery stones.
17 Your heart became proud
on account of your beauty,
and you corrupted your wisdom
because of your splendor.
So I threw you to the earth;
I made a spectacle of you before kings.
18 By your many sins and dishonest trade
you have desecrated your sanctuaries.
So I made a fire come out from you,
and it consumed you,
and I reduced you to ashes on the ground
in the sight of all who were watching.
19 All the nations who knew you
are appalled at you;
you have come to a horrible end
and will be no more. ’”
Isaiah 14: 12-17: How you have fallen from heaven,
morning star, son of the dawn!
You have been cast down to the earth,
you who once laid low the nations!
13 You said in your heart,
“I will ascend to the heavens;
I will raise my throne
above the stars of God;
I will sit enthroned on the mount of assembly,
on the utmost heights of Mount Zaphon.[a]
14 I will ascend above the tops of the clouds;
I will make myself like the Most High.”
15 But you are brought down to the realm of the dead,
to the depths of the pit.
16 Those who see you stare at you,
they ponder your fate:
“Is this the man who shook the earth
and made kingdoms tremble,
17 the man who made the world a wilderness,
who overthrew its cities
and would not let his captives go home?”
1 John 1:5-6: 5 This is the message we have heard from him and declare to you: God is light; in him there is no darkness at all. 6 If we claim to have fellowship with him and yet walk in the darkness, we lie and do not live out the truth.
John 8:12: 12 When Jesus spoke again to the people, he said, “I am the light of the world. Whoever follows me will never walk in darkness, but will have the light of life.”